Thessaly, with the Centauri Mountain in the south, the Twelve Gods in the North, Lake Plastira and Meteora is one of the most gorgeous places in Greece.
In the four prefectures of Thessaly, Larissa, Magnisia, Trikala and Karditsa there are so many beautiful places to visit and admire. We chose 5 of those that make up a beautiful scenery that could – no doubt – be your next destination.
The capital of the plain is Larissa, with Tempi, Tirnavos and Farsala with their famous halva. Bourani is called the carnival of Tyrnavia, dedicated to the worship of the Fall as a symbol of fertility and prosperity.
If you prefer a mountain, Pertouli, Elati and Lake Plastira are waiting for you. And, of course, the miracle of nature and the faith of man: Meteora, with their monasteries on the vertices of the vertical rocks. Karditsa and Trikala are worthy of the gates of central Greece, making it ideal for those who want to explore Agrafa and the southern part of Pindos. Reference point is also Kalambaka, the last station before Metsovo and the mountainous masses of Epirus and Macedonia.
The climate of Thessaly for the most part, with the exception of the coastal areas, is continental with cold winters and hot summers, as the existence of mountain volumes prevents the direct influence of the sea. In lowland areas the average annual temperature varies between 16 ° -17 ° C and decreases in the mountains.
Thessaly took its name at the end of the second millennium BC, at the time of the Trojan War, after its conquest by the Thessalians, who were a war tribe of Thesprotia.
Thessaly, in antiquity, was divided into tribal provinces (Estieotida, Thessliotida, Pelasgiotida and Fthiotida).The most powerful one had formed a Commonwealth known as the “public of the Thessalians”, where its leader was called a horseshoe. The mythical Leader of Larissa is considered to be the Allegra Pyrros whose name was taken by the whole of the Taiga (Aleuades) house. During the Persian wars, Thessaly allied with the Persians, and after their defeat it was on the side of the Athenians. In 353 BC it was subdued to the king of Macedonia Philip II while in 168 BC became the province of the Roman Empire.
In the Byzantine era, Thessaly was divided into great feuds which were governed by nobles of the Byzantine Empire. It has repeatedly attacked Goths, Bulgarians, Slavs, Ounces,
In 1423 it was conquered by Murad II and in 1525 the Turks founded the first and largest armatolikon of the Balkans in Agrafa. The 24 villages of Pelion with relative autonomy experienced economic and spiritual bloom. The revolutionary Rigas Fereos studied in the ‘Hellenomousion’ school in Zagora.
Thessaly (apart from the area of Elassona) was annexed to free Greece on April 7, 1881. Upon its liberation, the Greeks now have landlords, they have absolute rights of ownership, while the collies have been enslaved. So the agricultural issue was intensified and the clubs demanded the expropriation of the land. With this request, in March 1910, the bloody revolt of Kileler took place, which led to the gradual resolution of the problem by Eleftherios Venizelos and later by Nicholas Plastiras.
Famous monuments of antiquity adorn the Thessalian land, most notably the ancient theaters of Larissa, the monument of Poseidon, the temple of Apollo, the Mycenaean vault of Georgios-Xenoneri.
There are also great monuments of historical significance, such as the Ottoman memorial of Bezesteni, the old Turkish customs, the buildings of the old prisons, the Ottoman mosque, the Roman baths (within the settlement of the Metropolis), the impressive convent of Harokopos Hippocrates Monument, Economico School etc.
Beautiful castles, guards of another era, most famous of Agia Paraskevi, Fanari, Trikala, Pialeia (Palaiokastro), Faloria and Vitoumas tell their own story.
The magical place of Meteora presents also religious interest, as it was founded in the 14th century. There are 30 monasteries but only 6 are in operation. The largest monastery is the Great Meteora – Metamorphosis, followed by the monasteries of Agioi Pantai or Varlaam, Agia Triada, Agios Nikolaos Anapassas, Agios Stefanos, Agia Varvara or Rousanou Monastery and the Holy Trinity.
Dreamy stone bridges such as the Hatzipeter bridge or Kamara Smixi, Elassonitis, Sarakina, Gate, Palaiokarya, Psirra coexist harmoniously with the Thessalian landscape.
Olympus, has been proclaimed (1981) “Conservation ecosystem of the world biosphere” by UNESCO and has been included in the “Important for the birds of the European Community”. The impressive Meteora designated as a monument of world cultural heritage by UNESCO,too, the nature of Agrafa, which has been characterized as one of the cleanest areas on the planet, the verdant Pelion with its picturesque hamlets, the naturally sheltered Lake Tauropou, cannot to impress and synthesize a unique experience for the visitor.
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